The 7 Most Prevalent Skin Conditions in the UK
Skin conditions are an ongoing problem for people of all ages. There are a large number of skin diseases that can affect the quality of life like dry skin, psoriasis, eczema and many others. Your skin is what the world sees first, so a skin condition can feel overwhelming. Luckily there are a number of different ways to keep your skin fresh and protected by identifying the early symptoms of skin disease and using the best skin care products.
Caring for Unwelcome Skin Conditions.
Skin health can be influenced by a variety of factors, including age, heredity and ethnicity. Skin conditions can flare up from stress, poor diet or be a symptom of a disease. Understanding the science behind the most prevalent skin conditions can help you make informed decisions and quicken the process of healing.
Let’s examine 7 prevalent skin conditions found in the human body:
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition affecting 2% of people in the UK, that is approximately 1.8 million people. It usually begins to manifest between the ages of 11 and 45. Psoriasis can run in families and one-third of people with psoriasis have a close relative with it.
Psoriasis varies in severity but usually causes flaky, burning red patches to appear on the skin. 90% of people afflicted with psoriasis have plaque psoriasis, which can appear on any part of the body, most often affecting the scalp, elbows, lower back, navel and knees. Psoriasis treatment focuses on using topical creams with emollient properties to help soothe the symptoms.
To find out more on how to treat this condition, then please read our article on psoriais treatment.
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis is a common skin disease where the moisture barrier breaks down and causes red patches to appear on the skin. The cause of eczema is not fully understood, but is thought to be triggered by the immune systems aggressive reaction to irritants.
Eczema symptoms include swelling, itching and redness of the skin with symptoms being the worst in the folds of the skin. Moisturisers, hydrocortisone creams, and
other skin care products are often used for Eczema treatment.
In summertime, it is important to take extra precautions to avoid risks to your skin as well as your health in general during the hot weather.
When the sun damages the cells in the outer layers of your skin, it results in a sunburn. It can be extremely painful and usually starts to blister and peel after a few days. Drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration is important and applying moisturising lotions can help cool sunburn blisters and ease the pain. Too much exposure to sunlight can result in long term complications like photokeratitis and skin cancer, so it pays to be careful.
If you need more information on how to care for sunburnt skin, then please read our article on sunburn treatment.
Ichthyosis is not one disease but a group of genetic disorders. There are many different types of Ichthyosis, but dryness, itchiness and scaling of the skin are the most common symptoms among all of them. This skin condition can develop on any part of the body, but mostly occurs on the legs or arms. Many types of moisturising lotions and creams can be used to manage symptoms and most Ichthyosis treatments focus on keeping the skin hydrated and moist.
Dry, sensitive or itchy skin
5. Dry Skin
Dry skin condition or xeroderma occurs most commonly on the scalp, lower legs, arms, hands, the knuckles, sides of the abdomen, and thighs. Dry skin is a very common condition and happens more often in the winter months when the combination of hot and cold air causes the skin to lose moisture. Repeated use of emollient skin care products like lotions and creams can help to quickly alleviate the symptoms.
To find out more, please read our articleo on dry skin.
6. Itchy Skin
Itchy skin, also called pruritus, is an irritable sensation. It can be a symptom of a disease or the result of a skin condition like eczema or psoriasis. The itching usually affects specific areas and is often accompanied by other signs like red bumps or blisters. Applying an anti-itch cream or some moisturisers can help bring relief.
7. Sensitive Skin
Sensitive skin can manifest in a variety of ways but typically is a combination of irritation and discomfort. Dermatitis rosacea and psoriasis are both classified as sensitive skin conditions. While it is still unknown what specific factors lead to a person having sensitive skin, it is commonly thought that skin can become sensitized from over-exposure to harsh topical ingredients or climate. Taking a gentler approach to skin care may help so try to avoid strong creams and abrasive skin scrubs. Instead choose products designed for dermatological care.
The skin is the largest organ in the body, so it is not all that surprising how common skin problems can be. The above are the most prevalent skin conditions, but fortunately can be treated or managed with a number of different remedies. Depending on the skin condition, one should always consult a skin specialist to ensure a suitable treatment. Skin disease can go beyond just a cosmetic nuisance and may have a profound impact on a person’s life so it is imperative one learns the signs of a healthy skin.
To read more about how to care for this skin type, then please read our article on sensitive skin.